Gladstone Commercial Corporation
GLADSTONE COMMERCIAL CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 10/31/2017 16:14:22)
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549  
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
OR  
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-33097  
GLADSTONE COMMERCIAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
MARYLAND
 
02-0681276
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
1521 WESTBRANCH DRIVE, SUITE 100
MCLEAN, VIRGINIA
 
22102
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(703) 287-5800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and formal fiscal year, if changed since last report)  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 

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Table of Contents

Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
ý
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   ý
The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of October 31, 2017 was 27,705,664 .

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Table of Contents

GLADSTONE COMMERCIAL CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED
September 30, 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
(Unaudited)  
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Real estate, at cost
 
$
880,614

 
$
821,749

Less: accumulated depreciation
 
146,229

 
131,661

Total real estate, net
 
734,385

 
690,088

Lease intangibles, net
 
115,210

 
105,553

Real estate and related assets held for sale, net
 

 
9,562

Cash and cash equivalents
 
4,287

 
4,658

Restricted cash
 
3,533

 
3,030

Funds held in escrow
 
12,312

 
6,806

Deferred rent receivable, net
 
31,030

 
29,725

Other assets
 
4,094

 
2,320

TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
904,851

 
$
851,742

LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Mortgage notes payable, net (1)
 
$
450,032

 
$
445,278

Borrowings under Revolver, net
 
43,933

 
39,225

Borrowings under Term Loan, net
 
24,912

 
24,892

Deferred rent liability, net
 
15,554

 
12,647

Asset retirement obligation
 
3,136

 
3,406

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
8,221

 
5,891

Liabilities related to assets held for sale, net
 

 
1,041

Due to Adviser and Administrator (1)
 
2,250

 
2,075

Other liabilities
 
7,803

 
6,667

TOTAL LIABILITIES
 
$
555,841

 
$
541,122

Commitments and contingencies (2)
 

 

MEZZANINE EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Series D redeemable preferred stock, net, par value $0.001 per share; $25 per share liquidation preference; 6,000,000 shares authorized; and 3,364,900 and 2,917,458 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively (3)
 
$
81,978

 
$
70,743

TOTAL MEZZANINE EQUITY
 
$
81,978

 
$
70,743

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Series A and B redeemable preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; $25 per share liquidation preference; 5,350,000 shares authorized and 2,264,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
 
$
2

 
$
2

Senior common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 4,450,000 shares authorized; and 928,192 and 959,552 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
 
1

 
1

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 34,200,000 and 34,040,000 shares authorized and 27,694,624 and 24,882,758 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
 
28

 
25

Additional paid in capital
 
520,143

 
463,436

Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
172

 

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings
 
(253,314
)
 
(223,587
)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
267,032

 
239,877

TOTAL LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
904,851

 
$
851,742

(1)
Refer to Note 2 "Related-Party Transactions"
(2)
Refer to Note 9 “Commitments and Contingencies
(3)
Refer to Note 10 “Stockholders' and Mezzanine Equity


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
(Unaudited)  
 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Operating revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
 
$
23,815

 
$
21,205

 
$
68,253

 
$
62,752

Tenant recovery revenue
 
550

 
384

 
1,294

 
1,226

Interest income from mortgage note receivable
 

 

 

 
385

Total operating revenues
 
24,365

 
21,589

 
69,547

 
64,363

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
10,829

 
9,459

 
30,673

 
27,796

Property operating expenses
 
2,178

 
1,410

 
5,062

 
4,455

Base management fee (1)
 
1,277

 
1,072

 
3,665

 
2,789

Incentive fee (1)
 
640

 
564

 
1,760

 
1,837

Administration fee (1)
 
293

 
311

 
993

 
1,086

General and administrative
 
650

 
570

 
1,776

 
1,882

Impairment charge
 

 
1,786

 
3,999

 
2,016

Total operating expenses
 
15,867

 
15,172

 
47,928

 
41,861

Other (expense) income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(6,119
)
 
(6,338
)
 
(18,223
)
 
(19,648
)
Distributions attributable to Series C mandatorily redeemable preferred stock
 

 
(131
)
 

 
(1,502
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate, net
 
1

 
(24
)
 
3,993

 
(24
)
Other income
 
3

 
3

 
14

 
337

Total other expense, net
 
(6,115
)
 
(6,490
)
 
(14,216
)
 
(20,837
)
Net income (loss)
 
2,383

 
(73
)
 
7,403

 
1,665

Distributions attributable to Series A, B and D preferred stock
 
(2,520
)
 
(2,002
)
 
(7,330
)
 
(4,292
)
Distributions attributable to senior common stock
 
(247
)
 
(254
)
 
(744
)
 
(758
)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(384
)
 
$
(2,329
)
 
$
(671
)
 
$
(3,385
)
Loss per weighted average share of common stock - basic & diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss attributable to common shareholders
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.15
)
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and Diluted
 
27,234,569

 
23,509,054

 
25,833,423

 
22,915,086

Distributions declared per common share
 
$
0.375

 
$
0.375

 
$
1.125

 
$
1.125

Earnings per weighted average share of senior common stock
 
$
0.26

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.79

 
$
0.79

Weighted average shares of senior common stock outstanding - basic
 
932,636

 
959,552

 
947,238

 
961,041

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized (loss) gain related to interest rate swap
 
$
(7
)
 
$

 
$
172

 
$

Other comprehensive income
 
(7
)
 

 
172

 

Net income (loss)
 
2,383

 
(73
)
 
7,403

 
1,665

Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
2,376

 
$
(73
)
 
$
7,575

 
$
1,665

 
(1)
Refer to Note 2 “Related-Party Transactions”
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in Thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
7,403

 
$
1,665

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
30,673

 
27,796

Impairment charge
 
3,999

 
2,016

(Gain) loss on sale of real estate, net
 
(3,993
)
 
24

Amortization of deferred financing costs
 
1,248

 
1,537

Amortization of deferred rent asset and liability, net
 
(633
)
 
(363
)
Amortization of discount and premium on assumed debt
 
(80
)
 
(145
)
Gain on interest rate swap
 
172

 

Asset retirement obligation expense
 
96

 
114

Operating changes in assets and liabilities
 
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in other assets
 
(1,732
)
 
288

Increase in deferred rent receivable
 
(2,437
)
 
(2,780
)
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses, and amount due Adviser and Administrator
 
(239
)
 
240

Increase in other liabilities
 
634

 
51

Tenant inducement payments
 
(122
)
 

Leasing commissions paid
 
(192
)
 
(628
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
34,797

 
29,815

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of real estate and related intangible assets
 
(83,242
)
 
(40,900
)
Improvements of existing real estate
 
(8,233
)
 
(3,793
)
Proceeds from sale of real estate
 
29,499

 
3,022

Collection of mortgage note receivable
 

 
5,900

Receipts from lenders for funds held in escrow
 
3,712

 
2,747

Payments to lenders for funds held in escrow
 
(5,252
)
 
(2,385
)
Receipts from tenants for reserves
 
1,450

 
2,678

Payments to tenants from reserves
 
(783
)
 
(2,219
)
(Increase) decrease in restricted cash
 
(503
)
 
203

Deposits on future acquisitions
 
(1,650
)
 
(1,750
)
Deposits applied against acquisition of real estate investments
 
1,650

 
1,250

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(63,352
)
 
(35,247
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of equity
 
69,891

 
90,999

Offering costs paid
 
(1,922
)
 
(2,367
)
Retirement of senior common stock
 
(24
)
 
(178
)
Redemption of Series C mandatorily redeemable preferred stock
 

 
(38,500
)
Borrowings under mortgage notes payable
 
51,208

 
56,005

Payments for deferred financing costs
 
(992
)
 
(1,024
)
Principal repayments on mortgage notes payable
 
(57,182
)
 
(67,119
)
Borrowings from revolving credit facility
 
89,800

 
132,500

Repayments on revolving credit facility
 
(85,300
)
 
(130,500
)
(Decrease) increase in security deposits
 
(165
)
 
73

Distributions paid for common, senior common and preferred stock
 
(37,130
)
 
(30,862
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
28,184

 
9,027

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(371
)
 
$
3,595

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
$
4,658

 
$
5,152

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
4,287

 
$
8,747

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Tenant funded fixed asset improvements
 
$
2,201

 
$
2,570

Assumed mortgage in connection with acquisition
 
$
11,179

 
$

Assumed interest rate swap fair market value
 
$
42

 
$

Assumed tenant improvement allowance in connection with acquisition
 
$
3,966

 
$

Capital improvements included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
2,053

 
$
2,023


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Organization, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

Gladstone Commercial Corporation is a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that was incorporated under the General Corporation Law of the State of Maryland on February 14, 2003. We focus on acquiring, owning and managing primarily office and industrial properties. On a selective basis, we may make long term industrial and commercial mortgage loans; however, we do not have any mortgage loans currently outstanding. Subject to certain restrictions and limitations, our business is managed by Gladstone Management Corporation, a Delaware corporation ("Adviser"), and administrative services are provided by Gladstone Administration, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("Administrator"), each pursuant to a contractual arrangement with us. Our Adviser and Administrator collectively employ all of our personnel and pay their salaries, benefits, and general expenses directly. Gladstone Commercial Corporation conducts substantially all of its operations through a subsidiary, Gladstone Commercial Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership, or the Operating Partnership.

All further references herein to “we,” “our,” and “us” mean Gladstone Commercial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only Gladstone Commercial Corporation.

Interim Financial Information

Our interim financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are omitted. The year-end balance sheet data presented herein was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. In the opinion of our management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals, necessary for the fair statement of financial statements for the interim period, have been included. The interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 , as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on February 15, 2017. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or for the full fiscal year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

Critical Accounting Policies

In preparation of our financial statements in accordance with GAAP, we apply certain critical accounting policies which require management to make judgments that are subjective in nature to make certain estimates and assumptions. Application of our accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment regarding the use of assumptions as to future uncertainties, and as a result, actual results could materially differ from these estimates. A summary of all of our significant accounting policies is provided in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 . There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 .

Reclassifications

Certain items on condensed consolidated statement of operations and other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 have been reclassified to conform to the current period's presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously-reported equity, net loss attributable to common stockholders, or net change in cash and cash equivalents.


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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance regarding the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. Under this guidance, an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance also requires improved disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. We expect the new revenue standard will apply to executory costs and other components of revenue due under leases that are deemed to be non-lease components (examples include common area maintenance and provision of utilities), even when the revenue for such activities is not separately stipulated in the lease. Revenue from these non-lease components, which were previously recognized on a straight-line basis under current lease guidance, would be recognized under the new revenue guidance as the related services are delivered. As a result, while the total revenue recognized over the lease term would not differ under the new guidance, the revenue recognition pattern could be different. We are in the process of evaluating the significance of the difference in the revenue recognition pattern that would result from this change, and adjustments in revenue recognition attributable to non-lease components will take effect in tandem with the new leasing standard described below, which is effective January 1, 2019. We will adopt this guidance for our annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2018 and expect to use the modified retrospective method, under which the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance is recognized at the date of initial application.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases: Amendments to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification” (“ASU 2016-02”). The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. The new standard requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. ASU 2016-02 is expected to minimally impact our consolidated financial statements as we currently have four operating ground lease arrangements with terms greater than one year for which we are the lessee, and we don't expect the purchase of properties with ground leases to be crucial to our acquisition strategy. We also expect our general and administrative expense to increase as the new standard requires us to expense indirect leasing costs that were previously capitalized to leasing commissions. ASC 2016-02 supersedes the previous leases standard, ASC 840 "Leases." The standard is effective on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted and we expect to use the modified retrospective method, under which the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance is recognized at the date of initial application.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the Emerging issues Task Force)," which clarifies how entities should classify certain cash receipts and cash payments on the statement of cash flows with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice related to eight specific cash flow issues. The areas addressed in the new guidance relate to debt prepayment costs, settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned and bank-owned life insurance policies, distributions received from equity method investments, beneficial interest in securitization transactions and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The guidance is effective for us beginning January 1, 2018 with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)," which requires the statement of cash flows to explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents and amounts described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Under the new guidance, amounts described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents will be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of period and end of periods total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for us beginning January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities" ("ASU 2017-12"). The new standard simplifies the application of hedge accounting and better aligns financial reporting for hedging activities with companies' economic objectives in undertaking those activities. Under the new guidance, all changes in the fair value of highly effective cash flow hedges will be recorded in other comprehensive income instead of income. The new guidance also eases the administrative burden of hedge documentation requirements and assessing hedge effectiveness. The guidance is effective beginning January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, including transition elections and required disclosures, on our financial statements.


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2. Related-Party Transactions

Gladstone Management and Gladstone Administration

We are externally managed pursuant to contractual arrangements with our Adviser and our Administrator, which collectively employ all of our personnel and pay their salaries, benefits, and general expenses directly. Both our Adviser and Administrator are affiliates of ours, as their parent company is owned and controlled by Mr. David Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer. Two of our executive officers, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Terry Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer) serve as directors and executive officers of our Adviser and our Administrator. Our president, Mr. Robert Cutlip, is an executive managing director of our Adviser. Mr. Michael LiCalsi, our general counsel and secretary, serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary. We have entered into an advisory agreement with our Adviser, as amended from time to time, or the Advisory Agreement, and an administration agreement with our Administrator, or the Administration Agreement. The services and fees under the Advisory Agreement and Administration Agreement are described below. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , $ 2.3 million and $2.1 million , respectively, were collectively due to our Adviser and Administrator.

Base Management Fee

On July 24, 2015, we entered into a Second Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement with the Adviser, effective July 1, 2015. We subsequently entered into a Third Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement with the Adviser on July 12, 2016, effective July 1, 2016, and, as described below, a Fourth Amended and Restated Investment Advisory Agreement with the Adviser on January 10, 2017, effective October 1, 2016. Our entrance into each of the amended Advisory Agreements was approved unanimously by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors reviews and considers renewing the agreement with our Adviser each July. As such, during the July 2017 meeting, the Board of Directors reviewed and renewed the Advisory Agreement for another year, through August 31, 2018.

As a result of the July 2015 amendment, the calculation of the annual base management fee equals 1.5% of our adjusted total stockholders’ equity, which is our total stockholders’ equity (before giving effect to the base management fee and incentive fee), adjusted to exclude the effect of any unrealized gains or losses that do not affect realized net income (including impairment charges) and adjusted for any one-time events and certain non-cash items (the later to occur for a given quarter only upon the approval of our Compensation Committee). The fee is calculated and accrued quarterly as 0.375%  per quarter of such adjusted total stockholders’ equity figure. As a result of the July 2016 amendment, the definition of adjusted total stockholders' equity in the calculation of the base management fee and the incentive fee (described below) includes total mezzanine equity. Our Adviser does not charge acquisition or disposition fees when we acquire or dispose of properties, as is common in other externally managed REITs; however, our Adviser may earn fee income from our borrowers, tenants or other sources. Prior to the 2015 amendment, the Advisory Agreement provided for an annual base management fee equal to 2.0% of our common stockholders’ equity, which was our total stockholders’ equity, less the recorded value of any preferred stock and adjusted to exclude the effect of any unrealized gains, losses, or other items that did not affect realized net income (including impairment charges).

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we recorded a base management fee of $1.3 million and $3.7 million , respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , we recorded a base management fee of $ 1.1 million and $2.8 million , respectively.

Incentive Fee

As a result of the July 2015 amendment, the calculation of the incentive fee was revised to reward the Adviser in circumstances where our quarterly Core FFO (defined at the end of this paragraph), before giving effect to any incentive fee, or pre-incentive fee Core FFO, exceeds 2.0% quarterly, or 8.0% annualized, of adjusted total stockholders’ equity (after giving effect to the base management fee but before giving effect to the incentive fee, and which, as a result of the July 2016 amendment to the Advisory Agreement, now includes total mezzanine equity). We refer to this as the new hurdle rate. The Adviser will receive 15.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee Core FFO that exceeds the new hurdle rate. However, in no event shall the incentive fee for a particular quarter exceed by 15.0% (the cap) the average quarterly incentive fee paid by us for the previous four quarters (excluding quarters for which no incentive fee was paid). Core FFO (as defined in the Advisory Agreement) is GAAP net income (loss) available to common stockholders, excluding the incentive fee, depreciation and amortization, any realized and unrealized gains, losses or other non-cash items recorded in net income (loss) available to common stockholders for the period, and one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP.


9


The incentive fee prior to the July 2015 amendment rewarded the Adviser in circumstances where our quarterly funds from operations, or FFO, before giving effect to any incentive fee, or pre-incentive fee FFO, exceeded 1.75% , or 7.0% annualized, or the hurdle rate, of common stockholders’ equity. FFO, included any realized capital gains and capital losses, less any distributions paid on preferred stock and Senior Common Stock, but FFO did not include any unrealized capital gains or losses (including impairment charges). The Adviser received 100.0% of the amount of the pre-incentive fee FFO that exceeded the hurdle rate, but was less than 2.1875% of our common stockholders’ equity. The Adviser also received an incentive fee of 20.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee FFO that exceeded 2.1875% of common stockholders’ equity.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we recorded an incentive fee of $0.6 million and $1.8 million , respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , we recorded an incentive fee of $ 0.6 million and $1.8 million , respectively. The Adviser did not waive any portion of the incentive fee for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 or 2016 . Waivers are unconditional and cannot be recouped by the Adviser in the future.

Capital Gain Fee

Under the Advisory Agreement, as amended in July 2015, we will pay to the Adviser a capital gains-based incentive fee that will be calculated and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Advisory Agreement). In determining the capital gain fee, we will calculate aggregate realized capital gains and aggregate realized capital losses for the applicable time period. For this purpose, aggregate realized capital gains and losses, if any, equals the realized gain or loss calculated by the difference between the sales price of the property, less any costs to sell the property and the current gross value of the property (which is calculated as the original acquisition price plus any subsequent non-reimbursed capital improvements). At the end of the fiscal year, if this number is positive, then the capital gain fee payable for such time period shall equal 15.0% of such amount. No capital gain fee was recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 or 2016 .

On January 10, 2017, we amended and restated the Advisory Agreement by entering into the Fourth Amended and Restated Investment Advisory Agreement between us and the Adviser to revise the calculation of the capital gains fee. Based upon the amendment, the calculation of the capital gains fee is based on the all-in acquisition cost of disposed of properties. The impact of this amendment would not have resulted in a capital gains fee for previously reported periods.

Termination Fee

The Advisory Agreement includes a termination fee whereby, in the event of our termination thereof without cause (with 120 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), a termination fee would be payable to the Adviser equal to two times the sum of the average annual base management fee and incentive fee earned by the Adviser during the 24-month period prior to such termination. A termination fee is also payable if the Adviser terminates the Advisory Agreement after we have defaulted and applicable cure periods have expired. The Advisory Agreement may also be terminated for cause by us (with 30 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), with no termination fee payable. Cause is defined in the agreement to include if the Adviser breaches any material provisions thereof, the bankruptcy or insolvency of the Adviser, dissolution of the Adviser and fraud or misappropriation of funds.

Administration Agreement

Under the terms of the Administration Agreement, we pay separately for our allocable portion of the Administrator’s overhead expenses in performing its obligations to us including, but not limited to, rent and our allocable portion of the salaries and benefits expenses of our Administrator’s employees, including, but not limited to, our chief financial officer, treasurer, chief compliance officer, general counsel and secretary (who also serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary), and their respective staffs. Our allocable portion of the Administrator’s expenses are generally derived by multiplying our Administrator’s total expenses by the approximate percentage of time the Administrator's employees perform services for us in relation to their time spent performing services for all companies serviced by our Administrator under contractual agreements. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we recorded an administration fee of $0.3 million and $1.0 million , respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , we recorded an administration fee of $0.3 million and $1.1 million , respectively.

Gladstone Securities

Gladstone Securities, LLC, or Gladstone Securities, is a privately held broker dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. Gladstone Securities is an affiliate of ours, as its parent company is owned and controlled by Mr. David Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer. Mr. Gladstone also serves on the board of managers of Gladstone Securities.

10



Mortgage Financing Arrangement Agreement

We entered into an agreement with Gladstone Securities, effective June 18, 2013, for it to act as our non-exclusive agent to assist us with arranging mortgage financing for properties we own. In connection with this engagement, Gladstone Securities will, from time to time, continue to solicit the interest of various commercial real estate lenders or recommend to us third party lenders offering credit products or packages that are responsive to our needs. We pay Gladstone Securities a financing fee in connection with the services it provides to us for securing mortgage financing on any of our properties. The amount of these financing fees, which are payable upon closing of the financing, are based on a percentage of the amount of the mortgage, generally ranging from 0.15% to a maximum of 1.0% of the mortgage obtained. The amount of the financing fees may be reduced or eliminated, as determined by us and Gladstone Securities, after taking into consideration various factors, including, but not limited to, the involvement of any third party brokers and market conditions. We paid financing fees to Gladstone Securities of $0.1 million and $0.2 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively, which are included in mortgage notes payable, net, in the consolidated balance sheets, or 0.25% and 0.27% , respectively, of mortgage principal secured. We paid financing fees to Gladstone Securities of $0.1 million and $0.2 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, which are included in mortgage notes payable, net, in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, or 0.28% and 0.36% , respectively, of mortgage principal secured. Our Board of Directors renewed the agreement for an additional year, through August 31, 2018, at its July 2017 meeting.

3. Loss per Share of Common Stock

The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share of common stock for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 . We computed basic loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the periods. Diluted loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 , reflects additional shares of common stock, related to our convertible Senior Common Stock (if the effect would be dilutive), that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential shares of common stock had been issued, as well as an adjustment to net income available to common stockholders as applicable to common stockholders that would result from their assumed issuance (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts).
 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Calculation of basic loss per share of common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(384
)
 
$
(2,329
)
 
$
(671
)
 
$
(3,385
)
Denominator for basic weighted average shares of common stock
 
27,234,569

 
23,509,054

 
25,833,423

 
22,915,086

Basic loss per share of common stock
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.15
)
Calculation of diluted loss per share of common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(384
)
 
$
(2,329
)
 
$
(671
)
 
$
(3,385
)
Add: income impact of assumed conversion of senior common stock (1)
 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders plus assumed conversions (1)
 
$
(384
)
 
$
(2,329
)
 
$
(671
)
 
$
(3,385
)
Denominator for basic weighted average shares of common stock
 
27,234,569

 
23,509,054

 
25,833,423

 
22,915,086

Effect of convertible Senior Common Stock (1)
 

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted weighted average shares of common stock (1)
 
27,234,569

 
23,509,054

 
25,833,423

 
22,915,086

Diluted loss per share of common stock
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.15
)
 
(1)
We excluded shares of Senior Common Stock that are convertible into shares of our common stock in the amount of 773,553 and 800,116 from the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 , respectively, because it was anti-dilutive.


11


4. Real Estate and Intangible Assets

Real Estate

The following table sets forth the components of our investments in real estate as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 excluding real estate held for sale as of December 31, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
September 30, 2017

December 31, 2016
Real estate:
 
 
 
 
Land
 
$
117,441

 
$
104,719

Building and improvements
 
703,644

 
662,661

Tenant improvements
 
59,529

 
54,369

Accumulated depreciation
 
(146,229
)
 
(131,661
)
Real estate, net
 
$
734,385

 
$
690,088


Real estate depreciation expense on building and tenant improvements was $ 6.9 million and $19.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively, and $ 6.1 million and $17.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively.

Acquisitions

Acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 were accounted for as business combinations in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805 “Business Combinations” (“ASC 805”), as there was a prior leasing history on the property. The fair value of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed were determined in accordance with ASC 805, and all acquisition-related costs were expensed as incurred. Commencing in the fourth quarter of 2016, we early adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-01, “Clarifying the Definition of a Business” (“ASU 2017-01”), which narrows the scope of transactions that would be accounted under ASC 805. Under ASU 2017-01, if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the grouping is not a business, and rather an asset acquisition. Beginning in the fourth quarter 2016, acquisitions have been deemed an asset acquisition when evaluated under the new guidance, and all acquisition-related costs have been capitalized.

We acquired five properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , and two properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 , which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Nine Months Ended
 
Square Footage
 
Lease Term
 
Purchase Price
 
Acquisition Expenses
 
Annualized GAAP Rent
 
Debt Issued or Assumed
 
September 30, 2017
(1)
666,451

 
10.7 Years
 
$
94,421

 
$
1,171

(3)
$
10,776

 
$
54,887

(4)
September 30, 2016
(2)
226,286


7.8 Years
 
$
40,900

 
$
179

 
$
3,367

 
$
24,000

 

(1)
On June 22, 2017, we acquired a 60,016 square foot property in Conshohocken, Pennsylvania for $15.7 million . We assumed $11.2 million of mortgage debt in connection with this acquisition. The annualized GAAP rent on the 8.5 year lease is $1.7 million . On July 7, 2017, we acquired a 300,000 square foot property in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for $27.1 million . We issued $14.9 million of mortgage debt with a fixed interest rate of 3.75% in connection with this acquisition. The annualized GAAP rent on the 15.4 year lease is $2.3 million . On July 31, 2017, we acquired a 306,435 square foot three property portfolio located in Maitland, Florida for $51.6 million . We issued $28.8 million of mortgage debt with a fixed interest rate of 3.89% in connection with this acquisition. This portfolio has a weighted average lease term of 8.6 years , and annualized GAAP rent of $6.8 million .
(2)
On May 26, 2016, we acquired a 107,062 square foot property in Salt Lake City, Utah for $17.0 million . We borrowed $9.9 million to fund the acquisition. The annualized GAAP rent on the 6.0 year lease is $1.4 million . On September 12, 2016, we acquired a 119,224 square foot property in Fort Lauderdale, Florida for $23.9 million . We borrowed $14.1 million to fund the acquisition. The annualized GAAP rent on the 9.0 year lease is $2.0 million .
(3)
We early adopted ASU 2017-01. As a result, we treated our acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 as asset acquisitions rather than business combinations. As a result of this treatment, we capitalized $1.2 million of acquisition costs that would otherwise have been expensed under business combination treatment.

12


(4)
We assumed an interest rate swap in connection with $11.2 million of assumed debt on our Conshohocken, Pennsylvania acquisition, in which we will pay our counterparty a fixed interest rate of 1.80% , and receive a variable interest rate of one month LIBOR from our counterparty. Our interest expense exposure is fixed at 3.55% . The interest rate swap had a fair value of $0.04 million upon the date of assumption, and subsequently increased in value to $0.2 million at September 30, 2017 . We have elected to treat this interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge, and all changes in fair market value will be recorded to accumulated other comprehensive income on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

We determined the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed related to the properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 as follows (dollars in thousands):

Business Combinations
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2017
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
Acquired assets and liabilities
 
Purchase price
 
Purchase price
Land
 
$

 
$
7,125

Building and improvements
 

 
22,934

Tenant Improvements
 

 
3,240

In-place Leases
 

 
3,355

Leasing Costs
 

 
1,437

Customer Relationships
 

 
3,090

Above Market Leases
 

 

Below Market Leases
 

 
(281
)
Total Purchase Price
 
$

 
$
40,900

 
 
 
 
 
Asset Acquisitions
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2017
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
Acquired assets and liabilities
 
Purchase price
 
Purchase price
Land
 
$
15,137

 
$

Building
 
51,186

 

Tenant Improvements
 
6,060

 

In-place Leases
 
9,516

 

Leasing Costs
 
5,083

 

Customer Relationships
 
6,851

 

Above Market Leases
 
1,916

 

Below Market Leases
 
(1,769
)
 

Discount on Assumed Debt
 
399

 

Fair Value of Interest Rate Swap Assumed
 
42

 

Total Purchase Price
 
$
94,421

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
Total Purchase Price on all Acquisitions
 
$
94,421

 
$
40,900


Below is a summary of the total revenue and loss recognized on the two acquisitions treated as business combinations completed during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2016
Rental Revenue
 
$
464

 
$
603

(Loss)
 
(82
)
 
(203
)

13



Pro Forma

The following table reflects pro-forma consolidated statements of operations as if the business combinations completed in 2016, were completed as of January 1, 2015. The pro-forma earnings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were adjusted to assume that the acquisition-related costs were incurred as of the beginning of the comparative period (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts):

 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2016 (1)
 
 
(unaudited)
Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
Total operating revenue
 
$
22,012

 
$
66,406

Total operating expenses
 
(15,205
)
 
(42,968
)
Other expenses, net
 
(6,612
)
 
(21,453
)
Net income
 
195

 
1,985

Dividends attributable to preferred and senior common stock
 
(2,256
)
 
(5,050
)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,061
)
 
$
(3,065
)
Share and Per Share Data:
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted loss per share of common stock - pro forma
 
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.13
)
Basic and diluted loss per share of common stock - actual
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.15
)
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic and diluted
 
23,509,054

 
22,915,086


(1)
Pro-forma results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 are identical to actual results on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and other comprehensive income (loss) because we did not complete an acquisition that was accounted for as a business combination during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , pursuant to our early adoption of ASU 2017-01.

Significant Real Estate Activity on Existing Assets

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 , we executed six and seven lease extensions and/or modifications, or new leases, respectively, which are aggregated below (dollars in thousands):

Nine Months Ended
 
Aggregate Square Footage
 
Weighted Average Lease Term
 
Aggregate Annualized GAAP Rent
 
Aggregate Tenant Improvement
 
Aggregate Leasing Commissions
September 30, 2017
 
577,471

 
8.9 years
(1)
4,062

 
1,181

 
475

September 30, 2016
 
460,017

 
2.8 years
(2)
1,475

 
333

 
221


(1)
Weighted average lease term is weighted according to the annualized GAAP rent earned by each lease. These leases have terms ranging from 1.0 year to 11.3 years .
(2)
Weighted average lease term is weighted according to the annualized GAAP rent earned by each lease. These leases have terms ranging from 1.0 year to 7.3 years .




14


Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes the carrying value of intangible assets, liabilities and the accumulated amortization for each intangible asset and liability class as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , excluding real estate held for sale as of December 31, 2016 (dollars in thousands):

 
 
September 30, 2017

December 31, 2016
 
 
Lease Intangibles
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Lease Intangibles
 
Accumulated Amortization
In-place leases
 
$
78,975

 
$
(32,140
)
 
$
71,482

 
$
(28,182
)
Leasing costs
 
53,706

 
(21,889
)
 
48,000

 
(18,599
)
Customer relationships
 
55,847

 
(19,289
)
 
50,252

 
(17,400
)
 
 
$
188,528

 
$
(73,318
)
 
$
169,734

 
$
(64,181
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred Rent Receivable/(Liability)
 
Accumulated (Amortization)/Accretion
 
Deferred Rent Receivable/(Liability)
 
Accumulated (Amortization)/Accretion
Above market leases
 
$
12,517

 
$
(7,726
)
 
$
10,479

 
$
(7,296
)
Below market leases and deferred revenue
 
(25,576
)
 
10,022

 
(21,606
)
 
8,959

 
 
$
(13,059
)
 
$
2,296

 
$
(11,127
)
 
$
1,663


Total amortization expense related to in-place leases, leasing costs and customer relationship lease intangible assets was $ 3.9 million and $10.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively, and $ 3.4 million and $9.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, and is included in depreciation and amortization expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).

Total amortization related to above-market lease values was $ 0.2 million and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, and is included in rental revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss). Total amortization related to below-market lease values was $ 0.4 million and $1.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively, and $ 0.3 million and $0.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively, and is included in rental revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).

The weighted average amortization periods in years for the intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
Intangible Assets & Liabilities
 
2017
 
2016
In-place leases
 
9.7
 
7.9
Leasing costs
 
9.7
 
7.9
Customer relationships
 
12.7
 
12.2
Above market leases
 
10.2
 
0.0
Below market leases
 
9.4
 
7.9
All intangible assets & liabilities
 
10.4
 
9.0


15


5. Real Estate Dispositions, Held for Sale and Impairment Charges

Real Estate Dispositions

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we continued to execute our capital recycling program, whereby we sold properties outside of our core markets and redeployed proceeds to fund property acquisitions in our target secondary growth markets, as well as repay outstanding debt. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we sold four non-core properties located in Franklin, New Jersey, Hazelwood, Missouri, Concord Township, Ohio, and Newburyport, Massachusetts, which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Square Footage Sold
 
Aggregate Sales Price
 
Aggregate Sales Costs
 
Aggregate Impairment Charge for the Nine Months Ended September 30 , 2017
 
Aggregate Gain on Sale of Real Estate, net
593,763

 
$
30,302

 
$
803

 
$
3,999

 
$
3,993


Our dispositions during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were not classified as discontinued operations because they did not represent a strategic shift in operations, nor will they have a major effect on our operations and financial results. Accordingly, the operating results of these properties are included within continuing operations for all periods reported.

The table below summarizes the components of operating income from the real estate and related assets disposed of during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , and 2016 (dollars in thousands):

 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
Operating revenue
 
$


$
642

 
$
1,280

(1)
$
1,932

 
Operating expense
 
31

 
962

(4)
4,446

(2)
1,626

(4)
Other (expense) income, net
 
1


(183
)
 
3,831

(3)
(253
)
 
Income (loss) from real estate and related assets sold
 
$
(30
)
 
$
(503
)
 
$
665

 
$
53

 

(1)
Includes a $0.6 million lease termination revenue from canceling a lease obligation with a tenant that acquired one property from us during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 . This fee is recorded as rental revenue on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).
(2)
Includes a $4.0 million impairment charge.
(3)
Includes a $4.0 million net gain on sale on four properties.
(4)
Includes a $0.7 million impairment charge.

Real Estate Held for Sale

At September 30, 2017 , we did not have any properties classified as held for sale. At December 31, 2016, we had two properties classified as held for sale, located in Hazelwood, Missouri and Franklin, New Jersey. Both of these properties were sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 .

16



The table below summarizes the components of the assets and liabilities held for sale reflected on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet (dollars in thousands):
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Assets Held for Sale
 
 
 
Real estate, at cost
$

 
$
11,454

Less: accumulated depreciation

 
2,668

Total real estate held for sale, net

 
8,786

Lease intangibles, net

 
200

Deferred rent receivable, net

 
575

Other assets

 
1

Total Assets Held for Sale
$

 
$
9,562

Liabilities Held for Sale
 
 
 
Deferred rent liability, net
$

 
$
755

Asset retirement obligation

 
286

Total Liabilities Held for Sale
$

 
$
1,041


Impairment Charges

We evaluated our portfolio for triggering events to determine if any of our held and used assets were impaired during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and identified two held and used assets which were impaired during first quarter 2017. We did not identify any impairment on held and used assets during the second or third quarter of 2017. For these properties, during first quarter 2017, we received unsolicited interest from potential buyers, and as a result, we included a sale scenario and shortened our hold period when comparing the undiscounted cash flows against the respective carrying values. Based upon our analysis, we concluded that the undiscounted cash flows for these properties were below their respective carrying values indicating that these assets were impaired as of March 31, 2017, and accordingly, we recorded an impairment charge of $3.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, we sold one of these impaired properties to the tenant for a further loss on sale of $1.8 million . During the second quarter of 2017, we became aware of a decline in the tenant's financial results. The tenant expressed interest in acquiring our property as part of their corporate reorganization. Due to the re-tenanting risk of the property if it were to go vacant and as the location was in a non-core market, we executed a sale with this tenant. We sold the other impaired property during the three months ended September 30, 2017 , recognizing a gain on sale of $1,000 .

We did not classify any properties as held for sale at September 30, 2017 . During our previous two quarters where we had held for sale activity, we performed an analysis of all properties classified as held for sale, and compared the fair market value of the asset less selling costs against the carrying value of assets available for sale. We recorded an impairment charge of $0.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 to reduce the carrying value equal to the sales price per the executed purchase and sale agreement, less estimated selling costs.

Fair market value for these assets was calculated using Level 3 inputs, which were determined using comparable asset sale data from the respective asset locations, as well as sales prices from an executed purchase and sale agreement. We continue to evaluate our properties on a quarterly basis for changes that could create the need to record impairment. Future impairment losses may result, and could be significant, should market conditions deteriorate in the markets in which we hold our assets or we are unable to secure leases at terms that are favorable to us, which could impact the estimated cash flow of our properties over the period in which we plan to hold our properties. Additionally, changes in management’s decisions to either own and lease long-term or sell a particular asset will have an impact on this analysis.

We recognized $2.0 million of impairment charges on five properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 . These properties were impaired through our held for sale carrying value analysis, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , and we concluded that the fair market value less selling costs was below the carrying value of this property. We have sold four of these properties, and one of these properties is classified as a held and used asset during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 .

The fair values for the above held for sale property was calculated using Level 3 inputs which were calculated using an estimated sales price, less estimated costs to sell. The estimated sales price was determined using an executed purchase and sale agreement.

17



6. Mortgage Note Receivable

On July 25, 2014, we closed a $5.6 million second mortgage development loan for the construction of an 81,371 square foot, build-to-suit transitional care facility located on a major hospital campus in Phoenix, Arizona. Subsequently, on April 14, 2015, we closed an additional $0.3 million interim financing loan for the development of the Phoenix, Arizona property. Construction was completed in July 2015 and we earned 9.0% interest, paid currently in cash, on the loan during construction and through maturity. Prior to completion of the facility, we were granted a right of first offer to purchase the property at fair value. We elected not to purchase the property, and received an exit fee upon maturity of the loan in an amount sufficient for us to earn an internal rate of return of 22.0% on the second mortgage development loan, inclusive of interest earned. The principal balance of the loans and all associated interest income and exit fee revenue was received in January 2016. We did not recognize any interest income or exit fee revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 . We recognized $ 0.0 million and $0.4 million in both cash interest income and exit fee revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively. We currently have no mortgage notes receivable outstanding.

7. Mortgage Notes Payable and Credit Facility

Our mortgage notes payable and Credit Facility as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are summarized below (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
Encumbered properties at
 
 
 
Carrying Value at
 
Stated Interest Rates at
 
Scheduled Maturity Dates at
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2017

September 30, 2017
Mortgage and other secured loans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed rate mortgage loans
 
48

 
 
 
$
385,555

 
$
378,477

 
(1)
 
(2)
Variable rate mortgage loans
 
19

 
 
 
69,835

 
71,707

 
(3)
 
(2)
Premiums and discounts, net
 
-

 
 
 
(262
)
 
217

 
N/A
 
N/A
Deferred financing costs, mortgage loans, net
 
-

 
 
 
(5,096
)
 
(5,123
)
 
N/A
 
N/A
Total mortgage notes payable, net
 
67

 
 
 
$
450,032

 
$
445,278

 
(4)
 
 
Variable rate revolving credit facility
 
24

 
(6)
 
$
44,200

 
$
39,700

 
LIBOR + 2.00%
 
8/7/2018
Deferred financing costs, revolving credit facility
 
-

 
 
 
(267
)
 
(475
)
 
N/A
 
N/A
Total revolver, net
 
24

 
 
 
$
43,933

 
$
39,225

 
 
 
 
Variable rate term loan facility
 
-

 
(6)
 
$
25,000

 
$
25,000

 
LIBOR + 1.95%
 
10/5/2020
Deferred financing costs, term loan facility
 
-

 
 
 
(88
)
 
(108
)
 
N/A
 
N/A
Total term loan, net
 
N/A

 
 
 
$
24,912

 
$
24,892

 
 
 
 
Total mortgage notes payable and credit facility
 
91

 
 
 
$
518,877

 
$
509,395

 
(5)
 
 
 
(1)
Interest rates on our fixed rate mortgage notes payable vary from 3.55% to 6.63% .
(2)
We have 45 mortgage notes payable with maturity dates ranging from 12/1/2017 through 7/1/2045 .
(3)
Interest rates on our variable rate mortgage notes payable vary from one month LIBOR + 2.15% to one month LIBOR + 2.75% . At September 30, 2017 , one month LIBOR was approximately 1.24% .
(4)
The weighted average interest rate on the mortgage notes outstanding at September 30, 2017 was approximately 4.52% .
(5)
The weighted average interest rate on all debt outstanding at September 30, 2017 was approximately 4.34% .
(6)
The amount we may draw under our Revolver and Term Loan is based on a percentage of the fair value of a combined pool of 24 unencumbered properties as of September 30, 2017 .
N/A - Not Applicable


18


Mortgage Notes Payable

As of September 30, 2017 , we had 45 mortgage notes payable, collateralized by a total of 67 properties with a net book value of $674.9 million . We have limited recourse liabilities that could result from any one or more of the following circumstances: a borrower voluntarily filing for bankruptcy, improper conveyance of a property, fraud or material misrepresentation, misapplication or misappropriation of rents, security deposits, insurance proceeds or condemnation proceeds, or physical waste or damage to the property resulting from a borrower’s gross negligence or willful misconduct. We have full recourse for $11.7 million of the mortgages notes payable outstanding, or 2.6% of the outstanding balance. We will also indemnify lenders against claims resulting from the presence of hazardous substances or activity involving hazardous substances in violation of environmental laws on a property. 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we repaid four mortgages, collateralized by ten properties, which are aggregated below (dollars in thousands):
 
Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Repaid
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt Repaid
$
41,077

 
6.25%

Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Repaid
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate on Variable Rate Debt Repaid
$
8,163

 
LIBOR +
2.50%

During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we issued or assumed four mortgages, collateralized by seven properties, and drew an additional advance on an existing mortgage note, collateralized by one property, which are aggregated in the table below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Issued or Assumed
 
Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt
 
Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Issued or Assumed
 
$
54,887

(1)
3.78%
(2)
$
7,500

(3)

(1)
We issued or assumed $54.9 million of fixed rate or swapped to fixed rate debt in connection with our five property acquisitions with maturity dates ranging from April 1, 2026 to August 10, 2027 .
(2)
We assumed an interest rate swap in connection with one property acquisition and will be paying an all in fixed rate of 3.55% . The newly issued fixed rate mortgages have rates ranging from 3.75% to 3.89% .
(3)
The interest rate for our issued variable rate mortgage debt is equal to one month LIBOR plus a spread of 2.75% . The maturity date on this new variable rate debt is May 15, 2020 . We have entered into a rate cap agreement on our new variable rate debt and will record all fair value changes into interest expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations and other comprehensive income (loss). The interest rate for our additional advance on the existing mortgage note is equal to one month LIBOR plus a spread of 2.50% and the maturity date is December 1, 2021 .

We made payments of $0.6 million and $1.0 million for deferred financing costs during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 , respectively. We made payments of $0.4 million and $1.0 million for deferred financing costs during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 , respectively.


19


Scheduled principal payments of mortgage notes payable for the remainder of 2017 , and each of the five succeeding fiscal years and thereafter are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Year
 
Scheduled Principal Payments
 
Three Months Ending December 31, 2017
 
$
10,405

 
2018
 
47,806

 
2019
 
47,474

 
2020
 
19,387

 
2021
 
33,367

 
2022
 
97,187

 
Thereafter
 
199,764

 
Total
 
$
455,390

(1)

(1)
This figure does not include $0.3 million of premiums and (discounts), net, and $5.1 million of deferred financing costs, which are reflected in mortgage notes payable on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Interest Rate Cap and Interest Rate Swap Agreements

We have entered into interest rate cap agreements that cap the interest rate on certain of our variable-rate debt and we have assumed an interest rate swap agreement in which we hedged our exposure to variable interest rates by agreeing to pay fixed interest rates to our counterparty. We have adopted the fair value measurement provisions for our financial instruments recorded at fair value. The fair value guidance establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. Generally, we will estimate the fair value of our interest rate caps and interest rate swap, in the absence of observable market data, using estimates of value including estimated remaining life, counterparty credit risk, current market yield and interest rate spreads of similar securities as of the measurement date. At September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , our interest rate cap agreements and interest rate swap were valued using Level 2 inputs.

The fair value of the interest rate cap agreements is recorded in other assets on our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We record changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements quarterly based on the current market valuations at quarter end as interest expense on our accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss). The following table summarizes the interest rate caps at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Aggregate Cost
 
Aggregate Notional Amount
 
Aggregate Fair Value
 
Aggregate Notional Amount
 
Aggregate Fair Value
$
482

(1)
$
93,920

 
$
49

 
$
71,721

 
$
101


(1)
We have entered into various interest rate cap agreements on variable rate debt with LIBOR caps ranging from 2.50% to 3.00% .

We assumed an interest rate swap agreement in connection with our June 22, 2017 acquisition, whereby we will pay our counterparty an interest rate equivalent to 1.80% on a monthly basis, and receive payments from our counterparty equivalent to one month LIBOR. The fair value of our interest rate swap agreement is recorded in other assets on our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We have designated our interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge, and we record changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreement to accumulated other comprehensive income on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. We record changes in fair value on a quarterly basis, using current market valuations at quarter end. We assumed our interest rate swap with a value of $0.04 million on the date of assumption, and the fair market value increased to $0.2 million at September 30, 2017 . The swap has a notional value equal to the debt we assumed of $11.2 million , and has a termination date of April 1, 2026, which is also the maturity date of the assumed debt.


20


The fair value of all mortgage notes payable outstanding as of September 30, 2017 was $461.8 million , as compared to the carrying value stated above of $455.4 million . The fair value is calculated based on a discounted cash flow analysis, using management’s estimate of market interest rates on long-term debt with comparable terms and loan to value ratios. The fair value was calculated using Level 3 inputs of the hierarchy established by ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.”

Credit Facility

In August 2013, we procured a senior unsecured revolving credit facility, or the Revolver, with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”) (serving as a lender, a letter of credit issuer and an administrative agent). On October 5, 2015, we expanded our Revolver to $85.0 million , extended the maturity date one year through August 2018, with a one -year extension option through August 2019. We also added a $25.0 million term loan facility, or the Term Loan, which matures in October 2020. The Revolver and the Term Loan are referred to collectively herein as the Credit Facility. The interest rate on the Revolver was also reduced by 25 basis points at each of the leverage tiers and the total maximum commitment under the Credit Facility was increased from $100.0 million to $150.0 million . We also added three new lenders to the bank syndicate, which is now comprised of KeyBank, Comerica Bank, Fifth Third Bank, US Bank and Huntington Bank.

The Term Loan is subject to the same leverage tiers as the Revolver; however the interest rate at each leverage tier is five basis points lower. We have the option to repay the Term Loan in full, or in part, at any time without penalty or premium prior to the maturity date.

As of September 30, 2017 , there was $69.2 million outstanding under our Credit Facility at a weighted average interest rate of approximately 3.22% and $1.0 million outstanding under letters of credit at a weighted average interest rate of 2.00% . As of September 30, 2017 , the maximum additional amount we could draw under the Revolver was $34.0 million . We were in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Facility as of September 30, 2017 .

The amount outstanding under the Credit Facility approximates fair value as of September 30, 2017 .

8. Mandatorily Redeemable Term Preferred Stock

In February 2012, we completed a public offering of 1,540,000 shares of 7.125% Series C Cumulative Term Preferred Stock (“Term Preferred Stock”), par value $0.001 per share, at a public offering price of $25.00 per share. Gross proceeds of the offering totaled $38.5 million and net proceeds, after deducting offering expenses borne by us, were $36.7 million . The shares of the Term Preferred Stock had a mandatory redemption date of January 31, 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we redeemed all outstanding shares of the Term Preferred Stock. Accordingly, we wrote-off unamortized offering costs of $0.2 million during the year ended December 31, 2016, which were recorded to interest expense in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).

The Term Preferred Stock was recorded as a liability in accordance with ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” which states that mandatorily redeemable financial instruments should be classified as liabilities and therefore the related dividend payments are treated as a component of interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).

9. Commitments and Contingencies

Ground Leases

We are obligated as lessee under four ground leases. Future minimum rental payments due under the terms of these leases as of September 30, 2017 are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 

21


Year
 
Minimum Rental Payments Due
Three Months Ending December 31, 2017
 
$
117

2018
 
465

2019
 
465

2020
 
466

2021
 
392

2022
 
319

Thereafter
 
4,236

Total
 
$
6,460


Expenses recorded in connection to rental expense incurred for the properties listed above during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $0.1 million and $0.4 million , respectively, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were $0.1 million and $0.4 million , respectively. Rental expenses are reflected in property operating expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).

Letters of Credit

As of September 30, 2017 , there was $1.0 million outstanding under letters of credit. These letters of credit are not reflected on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

10. Stockholders’ and Mezzanine Equity

Stockholders’ Equity

The following table summarizes the changes in our stockholders’ equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
Shares Issued and Retired
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Series A and B Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Senior Common Stock
 
Series A and B Preferred Stock
 
Senior Common Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid in Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (1)
 
Distributions in Excess of Accumulated Earnings
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
2,264,000

 
24,882,758

 
959,552

 
$
2

 
$
1

 
$
25

 
$
463,436

 
$

 
$
(223,587
)
 
$
239,877

Issuance of Series A and B preferred stock and common stock, net
 

 
2,785,303

 

 

 

 
3

 
56,731

 

 

 
56,734

Conversion of senior common stock to common stock
 

 
26,563

 
(29,762
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retirement of senior common stock, net
 

 

 
(1,598
)
 

 

 

 
(24
)
 

 

 
(24
)
Distributions declared to common, senior common and preferred stockholders
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(37,130
)
 
(37,130
)
Comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
172

 

 
172

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
7,403

 
7,403

Balance at September 30, 2017
 
2,264,000

 
27,694,624

 
928,192

 
$
2

 
$
1

 
$
28

 
$
520,143

 
$
172

 
$
(253,314
)
 
$
267,032



22


(1)
The only element of comprehensive income recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 relates to the fair value adjustment of $0.17 million related to our assumed interest rate swap described in Footnote 7 "Mortgage Notes Payable and Credit Facility," to these condensed consolidated financial statements.

Distributions

We paid the following distributions per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 :
 
 
 
For the three months ended September 30,
 
For the nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
Common Stock
 
$
0.375

 
$
0.375

 
$
1.125

 
$
1.125

 
Senior Common Stock
 
0.2625

 
0.2625

 
0.7875

 
0.7875

 
Series A Preferred Stock
 
0.4843749

 
0.4843749

 
1.4531247

 
1.4531247

 
Series B Preferred Stock
 
0.4688

 
0.4688

 
1.4063

 
1.4063

 
Series C Preferred Stock
 


0.2424

(1)


1.1330

(1)
Series D Preferred Stock
 
0.4375

 
0.4375

 
1.3125

 
0.6163

 

(1)
We fully redeemed our Series C Preferred Stock on August 19, 2016.

Recent Activity

Common Stock Offering

In July 2017, we completed an overnight offering of 1.2 million shares of our common stock, at a public offering price of $20.52 per share. Net proceeds, after deducting underwriter discounts, were $22.7 million . The proceeds from this offering were used to acquire real estate, repay existing indebtedness, and for other general corporate purposes. The offering's underwriters exercised their overallotment option, purchasing an additional 0.2 million shares of our common stock at the public offering price of $20.52 per share. Net proceeds from exercise of the option to purchase additional shares, after deducting underwriter discounts, were $3.4 million . The proceeds from this overallotment were also used to acquire real estate, repay existing indebtedness, and for other general corporate purposes.

Common Stock ATM Program

In February 2016, we amended our common ATM program with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Common Stock ATM Program”). The amendment increased the amount of shares of common stock that we may offer and sell through Cantor Fitzgerald, to $160.0 million . All other material terms of the Common Stock ATM program remained unchanged. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we sold 1.5 million shares of common stock, raising $30.8 million in net proceeds under the Common Stock ATM Program. As of September 30, 2017 , we had a remaining capacity to sell up to $101.1 million of common stock under the Common Stock ATM Program.

Series A and B Preferred Stock ATM Programs

In February 2016, we entered into an open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Series A and B Preferred ATM Program”), pursuant to which we may, from time to time, offer to sell (i) shares of our 7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”), and (ii) shares of our 7.50% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred”), having an aggregate offering price of up to $40.0 million , through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. We did not sell any shares of our Series A Preferred or Series B Preferred during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 . As of September 30, 2017 , we had a remaining capacity to sell up to $37.2 million of preferred stock under the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program.

23



Mezzanine Equity

The 7.00% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series D Preferred”), is classified as mezzanine equity in our condensed consolidated balance sheet because it is redeemable at the option of the shareholder upon a change of control of greater than 50% in accordance with ASC 480-10-S99 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” which requires mezzanine equity classification for preferred stock issuances with redemption features which are outside of the control of the issuer. A change in control of our company, outside of our control, is only possible if a tender offer is accepted by over 90% of our shareholders. All other change in control situations would require input from our Board of Directors. We will periodically evaluate the likelihood that a change of control greater than 50% will take place, and if we deem this probable, we would adjust the Series D Preferred presented in mezzanine equity to their redemption value, with the offset to gain (loss) on extinguishment. We currently believe the likelihood of a change of control greater than 50% is remote.

In June 2016, we entered into an open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Series D Preferred ATM Program”), pursuant to which we may, from time to time, offer to sell shares of our Series D Preferred, having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million , through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 , we sold approximately 0.4 million shares of our Series D Preferred for net proceeds of $ 11.2 million . As of September 30, 2017 , we had a remaining capacity to sell up to $ 22.3 million of Series D Preferred under the Series D Preferred ATM Program.

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation

On January 11, 2017, we filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles Supplementary reclassifying the remaining 160,000 authorized but unissued shares of our Series C Preferred Stock, as authorized but unissued shares of our common stock, and made a corresponding amendment to the Operating Partnership’s Partnership Agreement with regard to corresponding units of partnership interest. As a result of the reclassification, there are zero authorized shares of Series C Preferred Stock and zero authorized corresponding units of partnership interest remaining. On the same date, we filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles of Restatement, restating and integrating into a single instrument all prior Articles Supplementary and amendments thereto.

11. Subsequent Events

Distributions

On October 10, 2017, our Board of Directors declared the following monthly distributions for the months of October , November and December of 2017 :

 
Record Date
 
Payment Date
 
Common Stock Distributions per Share
 
Series A Preferred Distributions per Share
 
Series B Preferred Distributions per Share
 
Series D Preferred Distributions per Share
October 20, 2017
 
October 31, 2017
 
$
0.125

 
$
0.1614583

 
$
0.15625

 
$
0.1458333

November 20, 2017
 
November 30, 2017
 
0.125

 
0.1614583

 
0.15625

 
0.1458333

December 19, 2017
 
December 29, 2017
 
0.125

 
0.1614583

 
0.15625

 
0.1458333


 
 
 
$
0.375

 
$
0.4843749

 
$
0.46875

 
$
0.4374999


Senior Common Stock Distributions
Payable to the Holders of Record During the Month of:
 
Payment Date
 
Distribution per Share
October
 
November 7, 2017
 
$
0.0875

November
 
December 7, 2017
 
0.0875

December
 
January 8, 2018
 
0.0875


 
 
 
$
0.2625


24



Held for Sale and Leasing Activity

On October 19, 2017, we executed a purchase and sale agreement with the tenant leasing our Arlington, Texas property to sell them the property for $5.6 million . We expect the sale to be completed during first quarter 2018. Concurrently with the purchase and sale agreement, we executed a lease amendment with this tenant, whereby the tenant has agreed to a 10 -year renewal if the sale of this property is not completed for any reason.

Credit Facility Activity

On October 27, 2017, we amended our existing Credit Facility. The Term Loan component of the Credit Facility was increased from $25.0 million , to $75.0 million , with the Revolver commitment remaining at $85.0 million . The Term Loan has a new five -year term, with a maturity date of October 27, 2022, and the Revolver has a new four -year term, with a maturity date of October 27, 2021. The interest rate for the Credit Facility was reduced by 25 basis points at each of the leverage tiers. We entered into interest rate cap agreements on the amended Term Loan, which cap LIBOR at 2.75% . We used the net proceeds of the amended Credit Facility to repay all previously existing borrowings under the Revolver. We incurred fees of approximately $0.9 million in connection with the Credit Facility amendment. The bank syndicate is now comprised of KeyBank, Fifth Third Bank, US Bank and Huntington Bank.

ATM Equity Activity

Subsequent to September 30, 2017 and through October 31, 2017 , we raised $0.2 million in net proceeds from the sale of 0.01 million shares of common stock in our Common Stock ATM Program. We made no sales under our Series A, B or D Preferred ATM Programs subsequent to September 30,2017 and through October 31, 2017.


25


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

All statements contained herein, other than historical facts, may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These statements may relate to, among other things, future events or our future performance or financial condition. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “might,” “believe,” “will,” “provided,” “anticipate,” “future,” “could,” “growth,” “plan,” “intend,” “expect,” “should,” “would,” “if,” “seek,” “possible,” “potential,” “likely” or the negative of such terms or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, funds from operations or prospects to be materially different from any future business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, funds from operations or prospects expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. For further information about these and other factors that could affect our future results, please see the captions titled “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 . We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which are made pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, as such, speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

All references to “we,” “our,” and “us” in this Report mean Gladstone Commercial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where otherwise noted or where the context indicates that the term means only Gladstone Commercial Corporation.

General

We are an externally-advised real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that was incorporated under the General Corporation Law of the State of Maryland on February 14, 2003. We focus on acquiring, owning, and managing primarily office and industrial properties. On a selective basis, we may make long term industrial and commercial mortgage loans; however, we do not have any mortgage loans currently outstanding. Our properties are geographically diversified and our tenants cover a broad cross section of business sectors and range in size from small to very large private and public companies. We actively communicate with buyout funds, real estate brokers and other third parties to locate properties for potential acquisition or to provide mortgage financing in an effort to build our portfolio. We target secondary growth markets that possess favorable economic growth trends, diversified industries, and growing population and employment.

We have historically entered into, and intend in the future to enter into, purchase agreements primarily for real estate having net leases with remaining terms of approximately 7 to 15 years and built in rental rate increases. Under a net lease, the tenant is required to pay most or all operating, maintenance, repair and insurance costs and real estate taxes with respect to the leased property.

All references to annualized generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) rent are rents that each tenant pays in accordance with the terms of its respective lease reported evenly over the non-cancelable term of the lease.

As of October 31, 2017 :
 
we owned 97 properties totaling 11.2 million square feet in 24 states;
our occupancy rate was 97.9% ;
the weighted average remaining term of our mortgage debt was 6.6 years and the weighted average interest rate was 4.52% ; and
the average remaining lease term of the portfolio was 7.7 years .


26

Table of Contents

Business Environment

In the United States, vacancy rates have decreased for both office and industrial properties in most markets, as increased user demand has led to improved conditions. Vacancy rates in many markets have been reduced to levels seen at the peak before the most recent recession and rental rates have increased in most primary and secondary markets. This condition has led to a rise in construction activity for both office and industrial properties in many markets. Interest rates have been volatile since the beginning of 2016 and although interest rates are still relatively low, lenders have varied on their required spreads over the last several quarters and overall financing costs for fixed rate mortgages appear to be on the rise. At the beginning of the year, several research firm surveys reflected that the current real estate cycle may be peaking from both a volume and price standpoint. 2016 year-end statistics from national research firms indicate that total investment sales volume was approximately 10% less than the volume recorded in 2015. That reduction continued through the second quarter of 2017 as research firms reported that investment volume for the quarter was nearly 10% less than the level for the first six months of 2016.

From a more macro-economic perspective, the strength of the global economy and U.S. economy in particular continue to be uncertain with increased volatility due to the vote last year in the United Kingdom to exit the European Union, the uncertainty of health care and tax reform initiatives in the United States, and an apparent continuing global economic slowdown. In addition, the uncertainty surrounding the ability of the federal government to address its fiscal condition in both the near and long term as well as other geo-political issues has increased domestic and global instability. These developments could cause interest rates and borrowing costs to rise, which may adversely affect our ability to access both the equity and debt markets and could have an adverse effect on our tenants as well.